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WASHINGTON (April 30, 2010) — New transportation connections within and between the five largest urban regions in Florida – including Miami/Fort Lauderdale, Tampa Bay/St. Petersburg, Orlando, Jacksonville, and Lee and Collier counties – will enhance the long-term economic and environmental sustainability of the entire state, according to a new report, Connecting Florida: Transit and Florida’s Economy, prepared by the Urban Land Institute (ULI).
ULI is a global research and education institute dedicated to responsible land use; the report is being released during a series of events being hosted by the district councils representing ULI in Florida: ULI Southeast Florida/Caribbean, ULI Central Florida, ULI North Florida, ULI Tampa Bay and ULI Southwest Florida.
The report examines transit alternatives being built, planned or proposed for each of the state’s five major urban regions, which include more than 80 percent of both the state’s population and the state’s jobs, and which are expected to absorb at least 80 percent of the five million additional people projected to live in the state by 2030. The systems range from a rejuvenated express bus service in Miami to commuter rail service in central Florida to a federally funded high-speed rail line system connecting Tampa to Orlando and other areas. With use of the limited transit service now available already on the rise, the potential is great for widespread use of the new systems, which will provide much-needed relief to traffic gridlock throughout much of the state, the report says. (Between 2000 and 2007, vehicle miles traveled in the state rose 35 percent, compared to a 17- percent population increase and a 6-percent increase in road lanes.)
“Regionally integrated transit systems coordinated with compact development and metropolitan intensification will benefit not only Florida’s economy, but also the state’s environment and quality of life,” Connecting Florida states. “For a state long associated with tourism and attracting in-migrants, quality of life is one of Florida’s most significant economic assets.”
Connecting Florida was prepared as part of the ULI/Curtis Regional Infrastructure Project, supported by ULI trustee James J. Curtis, III, principal at the Bristol Group, Inc. in San Francisco. The project includes research on the relationship between infrastructure and land use, and seeks to position infrastructure as a key component of sustainable communities and a major contributor to economic competitiveness. The ULI district councils in Florida are among several nationwide that are participating in the project.
The report reflects a growing awareness by urban areas nationwide of the need to coordinate transportation planning with land use planning, said ULI Chief Executive Officer Patrick L. Phillips. “In the decades ahead, where we will live and work, and how we will get from one place to another are issues that will change urban growth patterns and reshape our approach to planning, design and development,” he said. “In this century, a major part of being competitive will be directly related to mobility and ease of access – not just within urban regions, but between them as well.”
The report notes that the passenger capacity of 400 cars can be accommodated by eight buses or one commuter train. It points to five elements of a regionally integrated transit system:
- Commuter rail and express buses to connect multi-county metro regions
- Light rail and bus rapid transit to expedite movement throughout urban areas
- Local buses and streetcars to connect neighborhoods to regional transit
- Intercity passenger rail and bus service to expand connections between metro regions
- Walkable community design to permit pedestrian access to transit
Drawing on preparatory material for the report, the district councils helped inform decision-making by the Florida legislature when it met in December 2009 to consider transit funding and authorization legislation. The state government’s support for commuter rail, along with the federal government’s February 2010 announcement of high-speed rail investment in Florida, are “game-changers” for the state, the report says. “It’s a new day for transit in Florida,” says the report. “To make the most of Florida’s momentum for expanding regionally integrated transit systems, the public and private sectors need to work together, forming a partnership that will shape Florida’s metro regions and state’s economy for years to come.”
Connecting Florida highlights the multiple benefits of well–designed, integrated transit systems: 1) more transportation choices for consumers means having to spend less on auto maintenance and gas; 2) high-quality transit lowers expenditures on road use and parking facilities; and 3) transit investments create jobs (every billion dollars of annual spending on transit in the United States generates 36,000 jobs, according to the American Public Transportation Association.)
The viability of the transit systems will hinge in large part on the degree to which the infrastructure systems are planned in coordination with land use planning in the regions, the report states. “Clustering development around transit stations or stops improves the efficiency of the transit system, allowing for higher-quality service, which with supportive planning and development policies, increases property values,” the report says.
It points to more concentrated, transit-oriented development as a way to conserve land, preserve the environment, encourage transit use, and create a safe walking environment (each of the five major urban regions are rated as among the nation’s highest for pedestrian fatalities, according to the Surface Transportation Policy Project and Transportation for America). In addition, the report notes that more compact development in walkable neighborhoods connected by transit will be the likely preference of the two age groups influencing future housing demand: aging baby boomers trading large homes on large lots for smaller homes on smaller lots; and Generation Y, the highly mobile children of baby boomers who place a high priority on convenience and connectivity.
The report emphasizes the need for a long-term commitment to transportation infrastructure, including local, metro and regional coordination, consistent state government support, and private sector leadership. “Collaborative partnerships will be needed to develop plans, policies, regulations and investment strategies…As the ingredients come together, Florida’s metropolitan regions will become more competitive.”
About the Urban Land Institute
The Urban Land Institute (uli.org) is a global nonprofit education and research institute supported by its members. Its mission is to provide leadership in the responsible use of land and in creating and sustaining thriving communities worldwide. Established in 1936, the Institute has nearly 30,000 members representing all aspects of land use and development disciplines.